三泰虎

為什么上大學的印度人那么少

 Why so few Indians go to college?

為什么上大學的印度人那么少?

MHRD proposes to spend Rs 30k cr over the next 5 years, works on a four-pronged strategy to put backward areas on college education map

印度人力資源與發展部(MHRD)計劃在未來5年內投入3000億盧比,實施“四管齊下”戰略,將落后地區納入大學教育版圖。

The government has set itself an ambitious target of raising gross enrolment ratio (GER) in higher education to 40% by 2024 from about 26% at present. The only way it can achieve this is by opening colleges in backward districts and getting those in the socio-economically vulnerable categories to enrol for higher studies. The ministry of human resource development (MHRD) has proposed to invest Rs 30,338 crore to achieve this over the next five years.

印度政府為自己設定了一個雄心勃勃的目標,到2024年將高等教育的總入學率(GER)從目前的26%提高到40%。實現這一目標的唯一途徑是在落后地區開設大學,并讓那些經濟弱勢群體進入高等學府。印度人力資源與發展部(MHRD)提議,為了實現這一目標,在未來5年內投資3033.8億盧比。

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In its vision plan for 2019-24, the ministry says it needs to address the “geographically and socially skewed access to higher education institutions in India”. For instance, while the overall GER is 25.8%, for SCs it is 21.8%, and for STs it is even lower at 15.9%. And if you do a global comparison, India fares quite poorly. Just among BRICS nations, India is slightly ahead of South Africa and way behind Russia (81.8%), Brazil (50.5%) and China (50.0%).

印度教育部在其2019-2024年遠景規劃中表示,需要解決“印度高等教育在地區和社會上的不平等”。例如,總入學率為25.8%,表列種姓入學率為21.8%,表列部落入學率則更低,為15.9%。如果做全球比較的話,印度的情況相當糟糕。在金磚國家中,印度入學率略微領先于南非,遠遠落后于俄羅斯(81.8%)、巴西(50.5%)和中國(50.0%)。

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Enrolment has grown at a slow pace in the last 10-15 years, higher education among STs in particular lagging behind. Identifying the major challenges, the report, ‘Education Quality Upgradation and Inclusion Programme’, states that “empirical evidence points towards the persistence of economic, social, locational, and regional disparities in access to higher education. The higher education system and institutions have to recognise and adapt to meet the demands from diverse communities of students.”

在過去10-15年里,印度入學率增長緩慢,表列部落的高等教育尤其落后。“教育質量提升和包容計劃”報告指出了主要挑戰,“經驗證據表明,在接受高等教育的機會方面,經濟、社會、地區和地區之間的差距持續存在。”高等教育體系和機構必須認識到并適應不同學生群體的需求。”

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印度時報讀者的評論:

譯文來源:三泰虎 http://www.xhasvn.live/48018.html   譯者:Jessica.Wu

外文:https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com

Pandu Prasad•Bangalore•3 hours ago

Wow Govt is going to spend so much on colleges to equip youngsters in knowledge and skill what about culture and social etiquette. When I went to china first time 20 years ago they were like us but today they have changed a lot

哇,印度政府要花這么多錢建大學,培養年輕人,讓他們獲得知識和技能,比如文化和社交禮儀。20年前我第一次去中國的時候,他們和我們一樣,但是如今他們改變了很多。

 

andi•3 hours ago

yet the educated find it difficult to get descent job

然而,有文化的人發現很難找到一份體面的工作

 

Boray Sudhindra•Bangalore•3 hours ago

First make AWARE 5RL Edu skills as Duties of Every student!.. then automatically GER rises!

首先要讓每個學生都意識到學習技能是自己的責任!

到時候入學率自然會上升!

 

Kulkarni Pralhad•Bangalore•3 hours ago

Many graduates are toiling in mean jobs. make students approach a problem independently and not to stress on passing examinations

許多大學生從事著卑賤的工作。要讓學生學會獨立解決問題,而不是搞應試教育

 

Shanth Kumar•4 hours ago

I still dream of going to college

我做夢都還想上大學呢

 

Dalbir Singh•4 hours ago

Its only lip service on part of govt as it has raised the college fee to many fold after doing away with UGC. It will further drag the ratio down.

這是政府的空口承諾。廢除大學教育資助委員會后,大學學費提高了許多倍,入學率進一步下降。

 

Attar Singh Panisup•4 hours ago

It is an appreciable approach

值得贊賞

 

Khualpu Zou•Shillong•4 hours ago

The increase in drop out school children is because of the ever increasing fees and unemployment.

輟學人數的增加,是學費越來越高造成的,是失業率不斷提高造成的

 

Sachin Wazi•4 hours ago

People give more preference to religions thinking that they will solve all our problems

人們更傾向于相信宗教能夠解決所有問題

 

Dharmesh Prajapati•Ahmedabad•4 hours ago

The most general category people are now well earned and having good family wealth or a business, so going college is not bothering them.

有錢人收入豐厚,家財萬貫,他們不會因為上大學這事而煩擾。

 

Ash D•4 hours ago

If youths go to college than who would work for the right extremist groups?

如果年輕人都去上大學了,誰來為極端組織工作?

 

Ash D•4 hours ago

Remove reservation and population and all our domestic issues will cease to exist

廢除預留制,控制人口,所有國內問題都將迎刃而解

 

Sundaram Thiagarajan•Unknown•5 hours ago

Exorbitant cost is the main reason.Rationalise n standardise the fee structure for the entire country, with uniform syllabus, teaching methods, infrastructure, etc. Or else nationalise all private colleges immediately.

學費過高是主要原因。需要全國統一收費標準,統一教學大綱、教學方法、設備等。?;蛘唏R上將所有私立大學國有化。

 

cbkpb•Mumbai•5 hours ago

When Govt is creating jobs unde

印度政府還忙著創造就業機會

 

Sasapu rama prasad•6 hours ago

Only one source India will rise the education system .

唯一能改善教育體系的途徑就是廢除種姓制度。

 

Krishna Ghosh•Mumbai•6 hours ago

Why even after more than 70 years of independence, still we are discriminating our population on the basis of religion, caste, creed and sex? This sharp tool used by our politicians for wining election.We must bring every poor population of our mother India above poverty level on priority.,Why we are opening only degree colleges or higher educational institutes at remote areas? If we produce huge number of graduates or post graduates, can we give them suitable employment?

為什么在獨立70多年后,我們仍然村莊宗教、種姓、信仰和性別歧視?

這些是政客用來贏得選舉的利器。我們應先讓印度窮人脫貧。

為什么只在偏遠地區設立大學或高等教育機構?

培養了大量的畢業生或研究生,我們能給他們提供工作機會嗎?

 

Upnorth•6 hours ago

Government should open vocational colleges. Train poor youth to become welder, plumber, carpenter etc. Otherwise they will get useless BA degrees and go and lube in sounds in large cities for non existent jobs.

政府應該設立職業學院,培養貧困學生,讓他們成為焊工、水管工、木匠等。否則,拿到學位也一無是處,在大城市里找不到工作。

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